Saturday, August 31, 2019
Barbara Ehrenreich sought to prove wages for low class workers are too low for them to provide for themselves or families. She also tried to prove low wage jobs require a lot of effort that was not worth the amount of money they received per hour. In my opinion, Barbara Ehrenreich proved her two points in her story Nickel and Dimed. She showed wages were too low to provide for themselves or families and she proved the amount of effort put into the job was not worth the money they received per hour, by attempting to work several different low wage jobs herself.Barbara Ehrenreich worked different low wage jobs during her story Nickel and Dimed. She tried living off of the money she acquired working the low wage jobs, but had an account of money for emergencies. She could not afford all together a place to live, food and other necessities she needed to provide for herself. Barbara Ehrenreich had to dip into her emergency fund more than one time to support herself. By having to dip into her emergency fund proves her point even more. Real low wage workers do not have money to fall back on.It is outrageous that the wages are not high enough to get basic necessities for one person, let alone two people or a family. She also was not the only one who could not provide for herself, in her first job at the restaurant there were several people who had to live in their car and find a place to live. This proves that wages per hour should increase because one person who works a low wage job can barely provide for themselves let alone a person trying to support for more than one person. Low wage jobs require a whole lot of effort for a little amount of money.She proves that low-wageworkers work as hard as they can to provide for themselves and are working so hard that they are injury prone. Injuries and pain caused by the workload of the low wage occupations. She says later in the book that she starts to take ibuprofen everyday for joint pain. Ã¢â¬Å"I start tossing back drugs tore-brand ibuprofen pills as if they were vitamin C, four before each shift, because an old mouse-related repetitive-stress injury in my upper back has come back to full-spasm strength, thanks to the tray carrying.Ã¢â¬ (p. 33)Another example would be her co-worker Holly: Holly broke her ankle on the job, but could not stop working because she had to provide for her family, she could not afford one day off from work. Barbara proves her point because low-wageworkers have to break their backs for wages that they can barely support themselves with. In conclusion Barbara Ehrenreich proved her point; wages for low-wageworkers were too low.She proved this by working low wage jobs, and exposing the struggles of having a low wage job. Struggles as in, not being able to support oneself let alone a small family. Also the work put into the low wage job was too intense, making the workers injury prone. She clearly proves the point that wages for low-wagworkers must be higher per hour in Ameri ca. People have to be able to support themselves or their families with a place to live, food and other necessities.
Friday, August 30, 2019
AP Human Geography Chapter 2 Study Guide Terms: population density Ã¢â¬â a measurement of the number of people per given unit of land Ã ·arithmetic population density Ã¢â¬â the population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area Ã ·physiologic population density Ã¢â¬â the number of people per unit area of arable land Ã ·population distribution Ã¢â¬â description of locations on the Earth's surface where populations live Ã ·dot maps Ã¢â¬â maps where one dot represents a certain number of a phenomenon, such as population Ã ·megalopolis Ã¢â¬â term used to designate large coalescing supercities that are forming in diverse parts of the world Ã ·census Ã¢â¬â a periodic and official count of a country's population Ã ·doubling time Ã¢â¬â time required for a population do double population explosion Ã¢â¬â rapid growth of worlds human population during the last century Ã ·natural increase Ã¢â¬â population growth measured as excess of liv e births over live deaths Ã ·crude birth rate (CBR) Ã¢â¬â number of live births yearly per thousand people Ã ·crude death rate (CDR) Ã¢â¬â number of live deaths yearly per thousand people Ã ·demographic transition Ã¢â¬â multi stage model of changes in population growth in countries undergoing industrialization Ã ·stationary population level (SPL) Ã¢â¬â level at which national population ceases to grow Ã ·population composition Ã¢â¬â structure of a population in terms of age, sex, and other properties Ã ·population pyramids Ã¢â¬â visual representation of age and sex composition of a population Ã ·infant mortality rate (IMR) Ã¢â¬â describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives Ã ·child mortality rate (CMR) Ã¢â¬â number of children that die between the first and fifth year of their lives Ã ·life expectancy Ã¢â¬â how long, on average, a person may be expected to live Ã ·AIDS Ã¢â¬â Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Ã ·chronic diseases Ã¢â¬â long lasting afflictions now more common because of higher life expectancies Ã ·expansive population policies Ã¢â¬â government policies that encourage large families Ã ·eugenic population policies Ã¢â¬â government policies to favor one racial sector Ã ·restrictive population olicies- government policies to reduce the rate of natural increase Notes Ã ·Change in population is calculated using the following: Global Population Formula Ã¢â¬â p1 = p0 + b(irths) Ã¢â¬â d(eaths) Sub-Global Population Formula Ã¢â¬â p1 = p0 + b Ã¢â¬â d + i(mports) Ã¢â¬â e(xports) Net Migration Formula Ã¢â¬â p1 Ã¢â¬â p0 + RNI + nm Ã ·Types of population density: arithmetic density, agricultural density, physiological density, urban density, residential density Ã ·Major World Population Centers Ã¢â¬â China, India, Russia, Central Europe, Asia, Northeast Africa, Northeast U. S. Ã ·Overpopulation Ã¢â¬â a generally undesirable condition where an o rganism's numbers exceed the carrying capacity of its habitatMalthusÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory, though incorrect, states population rate increases geometrically and the rate of food increase grows arithmetically. Ã ·Demographic Transition Model (http://www. main-vision. com/richard/demographic. htm) Stage 1: Stage one of the demographic transition model is the most primitive of the stages where there is a high fluctuating birth and death rate. Because of this there is no great population growth. These countries or even tribes have very basic living standards such as those in the Amazon rainforest where they hardly have any education, medicaments or birth rates such that population is based on food supply, health of tribe members etc.Other factors involved are no family planning therefore many children or because of the faith of the people which may look at large families as a sign of verility etc. Stage 2: In this stage of the demographic transition model there are a lot of births, however t he death rate has gone down to about 20/1000 infants who die. This results in a rise in population due to the fact that more infants are surviving. Reasons for which more people may be surviving may be better health care, improved sanitation such as water etc, more transport and medical care as well as inventions relating to this. In other words this stage involves a slight modernisation in health care raising people's living standards as well as there life expectancy.Stage 3: Stage three is the stage at which there is already a low death rate as well as a declining birth rate therefore leading to a slight increase in population. The reason for the fall in births may be due to family planning, better education, lower infant mortality rate, a more industrialised way of life and the want for more material possesions as well as women being able to go out to work. In other words these countries are in the final stages of becoming like the western countries such as the states and those i n Europe. Stage 4: Stage four is the one at which Switzerland is. There is a stable population whithout much change because both the death and birth rate are low and in some cases there are more deaths than births therefore leading to a possible stage five. Possibly a stage five? A country such as Sweden is currently entering into the negative growth rate meaning that there are less births than deaths so that the country's population size is decreasing leading to problems which will be discussed later on this page. Ã ·A population pyramid, also called an age structure diagram, is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing. Ã ·There is a predicted stage 5 of population growth that will level off at 10 billion people. The worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population will progressively increase until it ultimately reaches this point. Ã ·Geography of health is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care. Epidemiological transition is a phase of development witnessed by a sudden and stark increase in population growth rates brought about by medical innovation in disease or sickness therapy and treatment, followed by a re-leveling of population growth from subsequent declines in fertility rates. The epidemiological transition model represents the developments resulting from epidemiological transition (disease and treatment). Ã ·The People's Republic of China has pursued anti-natalist policies, notably the Ã¢â¬Ëone-childÃ¢â¬â¢ strategy, for over a decade. While anti-natalist government policies may be instrumental in lowering birth rate, state coercion may have unexpected and damaging results; reports in 1995 suggested that abortion of female children had become common in China, so that male : female sex ratios at birth had become grotesq uely imbalanced.
Thursday, August 29, 2019
A response to a book called the emergence of the church By A Patzia - Essay Example As part of that background he describes Judaism as it was in first-century Palestine as well as describing what life was like in the rest the Roman empire in general with a well presented exposition of what the Bible says about the growth of Christianity. The early church gained new recruits and spread over a greater geographical despite official persecution after Rome was burnt down, and Nero blamed the Christians for doing so. The books sources are pretty strictly biblical: the Didache is dated at or beyond 100 (p.99), and discussed only at the fringe, and the clearly first-century ROTAS square. In terms of evidence about the development and the eventual emergence of the early church as a distinct religion that was able to spread throughout the Roman Empire not mentioning the ROTAS square is arguably a serious omission. The ROTAS stone was actually found buried in the remains of Pompeii, being buried under the vast amount of waste products produced by the disastrous volcanic eruption of AD 79, and does not figure in this book. The ROTAS stone gives details of the early Christian presence in Pompeii, though of course nobody actually survived the volcanic eruption. Even if not mentioned anywhere else in his book, Patzia does not go into detail about the stone when discussing whether or not there were first-century churches in the Italian peninsula outside of Rome. Although it is not surprising that Patzia would want to concentrate upon the early churchÃ¢â¬â¢s beginnings in Rome given its later importance for the Christian religion.1 If description and discussion of what the Bible says about the early Church is what youre looking for, this is as good a book to choose as any other. If you want too find out about the emergence and also the development of the early church from non-biblical sources then buy, or burrow another book on the early church.2 The ambience is distinctly Fuller, and here and there this brings up
Wednesday, August 28, 2019
Capstone Analysis - Assignment Example The jury is bound to offer a sentencing that complies with the policies of the legal system. Sentencing may range from probation, compensating the victim, suspended sentences, community service, and incarceration. Life imprisonment and death penalties are extreme sentences spared for cases involving capital murder. The legal aspects of sentencing aim to mitigate crime by offering guidelines on how the state deals with criminal cases (Schmalleger, 2011). Criminal law analysts argue that the legal aspects achieve the objectives of sentencing by deterring potential crime on the part of the convict and the public. In addition, the analysts praise the legal factors of sentencing because legal action is taken on criminals. It is viewed that sentencing achieves the objective of maintaining a crime-free state. However, the jury may refer to leniency because it has the discretion to assess the criminal background of the defendant. The legal factors of sentencing aim to achieve both a crime free environment and societal protection. It is important to note that every state has specific state sentencing guidelines that are in line with the legal framework for sentencing criminals. The legal aspects of sentencing allows for some flexibility on how the jury handles criminal cases. However, altering or eliminating the legal factors may mean the end of fairness and justice. Such a move may lead to bias and discrimination that overlook the objectives of
Tuesday, August 27, 2019
Nissan or Ford - Essay Example Characteristics of Nissan Nissan cars are known for their good product quality which provides customerÃ¢â¬â¢s comfort and entertainment of riding. Nissan utilizes DR (Design Review) methods which help to produce superior quality parts. DR procedure helps Nissan to identify any potential threat of spare parts and devise ways to prevent the risk proactively. It allows quicker and appropriate design assessment. Another strategy that Nissan implemented in their vehicles has been the precision testing. It is a vital part of NissanÃ¢â¬â¢s manufacturing process which helps to maintain high quality product. Nissan has digital technology in their plants which verify the paint condition and examine road testing. The Ã¢â¬ËEnvironmental Testing ChamberÃ¢â¬â¢ of Nissan examines the vehicle temperature in extreme road condition. These technologies and processes make Nissan cars thoroughly protected against any problems. To manufacture trouble free parts, Nissan performs inspection at Desig n Diagram phase. Every parts of Nissan car undergo immediate testing and Nissan does not ignore any slightest vibration. Its weatherproof vibrator allows stimulating various temperatures and dealing with road surface situation. Thus, Nissan cars provide higher reliability and safety to consumers (Nissan, n.d.). Safety is one of the major concerns for Nissan Cars. In the year 2011, the Nissan Leaf had gained highest level of rating with regard to safety measures by Euro NCAP. It has passed the crash tests. In term of carbon emission, Nissan has gained five star ranking (Nissan, 2011). Characteristics of Ford Ford generally offers expensive vehicles which are highly capable and flexible. Ford vehicles are made to deliver safety, fuel efficiency and easier to operate features. Ford utilizes Ã¢â¬ËMeta OneÃ¢â¬â¢ technology for manufacturing the vehicle. This technology helps Ford to highlight future safety of ford vehicle (Ford Motor Company, 2011). Comparison of Nissan SUV and Ford SUV In the year 2010, Nissan had introduced Nissan Juke. It combines the nimbleness of sports sedan, handiness of a compact car and strong quality of a SUV. With regard to price, it had attracted wide ranges of consumers. In connection with reliability it had strong handling as well as fuel efficient performance which had made it an eco - friendly vehicle (Nissan, 2010). In order to meet the requirements of a good car it is equipped with 1.6 liter engine, Xtronic CVT along with 6Ã¢â¬âspeed manual shift mode. It can provide the customers both good performance and similar facility such as other vehicle with 2.5 liter engine. Thus, it is proved to be economically feasible vehicle. Besides, the Nissan Juke had 16GT four components blended with torque vectoring engine which can produce massive power. Its MR16DDT engine is designed in such a way that can improve the ignition competence and have a powerful turbocharger. These features help to improve the ingestion and exhaust efficiency . Overall, the invigorating acceleration, swift response, bold design, environmental performance and enhanced fuel efficiency are optimally balanced in such a way that makes the Nissan Juke an affordable and reliable vehicle (Nissan, 2010). On the other hand, Ford Escape is combined with SUV capability with outstanding fuel economy and eco friendly feature. It provides customers a sporty performance and saves maximum fuel. It has 240 Horse Power V6 engines which can provide good mileage. The transmission of Ford is
Monday, August 26, 2019
Political Rhetoric - Essay Example The Institute is a think-thank which offers its expertise and research to progressives to help the latter understand and learn how to communicate effectively their messages across. 1 LakoffÃ¢â¬â¢s contribution to political rhetoric is his study of metaphors in relation to political discourse. Lakoff asserts that metaphors are not merely occasional figures of speech but is a cognitive phenomenon implying that language in itself is metaphorical. The ability to create metaphors is made possible by the use of a source domain as a reference to a target domain using areas of experience or semantic frames. Thus the metaphor war on terror and others like it coined to refer to the 9/11 incident was drawn from the war frame idea signifying a relentless battle against an enemy. 2 The function of metaphors in political rhetoric, according to Lakoff, is that they determine how people perceive phenomena and hence, how they act. Metaphors likewise act to highlight a particular aspect of a phenomenon whilst concealing some other aspects. In addition, Lakoff theorises that the processes of thinking are structured metaphorically which is turn is reflected by speech but when met aphors are used intentionally, they become debatable. 3 Murray Edelman (1919-2001) was a multi-awarded professor who taught at the University of Illinois and the University of Wisconsin until his death in 2001. He initially focused his attention in the field of labour-management relations but eventually turned to the subject of symbolic politics and the subjective part of politics and power, which would pre-occupy him in the next forty years of his life. Some of his works are: The Symbolic Uses of Politics in 1964; Politics as a Symbolic Action: Mass Arousal and Quiescence in 1971; Political Language: Words that Succeed and Politics that Fail in 1977; Constructing the Political Spectacle in 1995, and; The Politics of Misinformation in 2001. 4 EdelmanÃ¢â¬â¢s books were seen as major
Sunday, August 25, 2019
S4 W7 DQ1 - Assignment Example The situation became worse as the situation in the country started impacting negatively in the neighboring countries. It was at the time that the Kenya Defense Forces (KDF) decided to launch an attack in country to flush out the terror group. Questions were being asked on where were the international bodies when the country needed liberation? Was the situation bad enough to capture their attention? It is for this reason that the west should focus on strengthening regional organizations (Clement & Smith, 2009). With organized regional organizations like the ECOWAS, situations like in Somalia would have dealt with before the country was fully paralyzed. With many regions across the globe having organizations controlling leadership and economic operations, the west should pick out these groups and develop proper security forces to deal with cases of insecurity among its member states (Clement &Smith, 2009). A good example is the League of Arab States which was formed with the aim of cushioning the region financially and economically. With the rise on the need for security across the Arab world, the body is playing a crucial role in ensuring its members states are provided with peacekeeping
Saturday, August 24, 2019
The contemporary securitization of borders and the new policies of states in North America and Europe that attempt to link asylu - Essay Example Third, Germany issues its own version of anti-refugees and asylum seekers statutes. Fourth, emphasized the problems of the refugees and asylum seekers grew in magnitude after the end of World War II. Fifth, some host countries have not fully given the refugees and asylum seekers their deserved rights and liberties. Sixth, the key to the strict refugees and asylum seekers policies is protection from terroristic and other acts that may disadvantage other residents of the host country. Seventh, international refugee law defines a refugee as: having a well grounded fear of being persecuted one or more discriminatory grounds. The reduction of protection for the refugees and asylum seekers is grounded on self- preservation. INTRODUCTION Refugees and asylum seekers are realities of the cruel world. The research centers on the difficulties faced by the refugees and asylum seekers. The research includes the moves to improve the lives of the refugees and asylum seekers in their host countries. North American and European policies are currently attempting to link asylum-seekers and refugees with terrorism and threats of national security, violating related international refugee laws. ... There is an increasing trend of host democratic governments turning their backs on the implementation of the Universal Humanitarian Principles. After the September 11, 2001 attack, many laws were enacted to reduce the rights as well as the liberties of the refugees and asylum seekers and also the citizens entering the host countries. A vivid example is the establishment of extra-judicial refugees and asylum seekers detention camps. Of the recent abuses was headlined in the abuses of the American soldiers, including the abuses committed by the American soldiers on Cuban and Haitian refugees and asylum seekers held in a prison camp in Guantanamo Bay, near Cuba. Likewise, abuses of the Soldiers managing the refugee and asylum seeker camps on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea as well as the Island Republic. Consequently, many democratic governments have reduced their focus on implementing the rights and liberties of refugees and asylum seekers (Wilson 659). Many of the refugees and asylum s eekers arrive in foreign country because they could no longer bear living in their home country. The refugees and asylum seekers escape from their home country taking with them the agony of losing their home, social status, friends, and identity. Article 14 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states Ã¢â¬Å"Everyone has the right to seek and enjoy in other countryÃ¢â¬â¢s asylum from the sufferings received in their home countries. However, the refugees and asylum seekers do not know what will happen to them on their journey towards the host country (Wilson 641). To understand the sudden turnaround in terms of offering rights and liberties to refugees and asylum seekers, the focus should first look at the refugees and
Friday, August 23, 2019
What Is A Shaman - Essay Example According to the research "What Is A Shaman" findings shaman also foretells the future events and controls the spiritual forces because they have the power to predict the unknown and command the spirits to do as they wish. Shamans have visions and dreams that equip them with information and contexts of the supernatural worlds (Kallen 13). The shaman deals with only mysterious and dangerous events such as illnesses, malevolence, impotent, and death. Spirits impose shamanic power into people through intensive initiations and ordeals. Regardless of the difficulty process through which they acquire them, shamans may be exposed to lose their powers in battles with spirit foes or if they fail to perform the rituals appropriately (Wilson 22). Shamans differ with the practices of priests since their powers are personal and intermediate. The supernatural world is believed to be linked to occurrences in the natural world. Shamans allow their souls to venture into spirit worlds in order to find the causes of undesirable events. They launch immediate intercessions, fighting, or requests to the spirits to cure the affairs of human beings. In contrast, priests are concerned with the conduct of several events that enables them to bring the congregation into sacred forces (McNamara 19). Priests do not encounter supernatural worlds and their expectations are not immediate. It is critical to understand the contrast between shamans and priests as it enables people to distinguish their faiths from those they do not believe in and devote themselves to thorough the understanding of their option.